How to make Horseshoes {www downloadshiva com}

How to make Horseshoes {www downloadshiva com}



horses first wore leather in metal shoes around 500 AD to protect their hooves from wear and tear today depending on the animals vocation horseshoes are usually made of steel aluminum or plastic a farrier is someone who makes horseshoes and carefully applies them a horse's hoof has a hard outer wall like a fingernail only much thicker the farrier attaches the horseshoe to this wall with heat and lead nails the horse feels no pain because the nails don't reach the sensitive tissues inside horses get new shoes about every five weeks after removing the old ones the farrier uses a file to trim the walls growth since the last change about 10 millimeters he measures the host contour marks the measurement on a steel bar and cuts it to size with a rotary saw steel is the material of choice because it's affordable and durable he heats the bar until the middle is white-hot he brushes off any dirt then dips the bar in water to cool it then he hammers the ends to redistribute the metal towards the middle this widens and thickens the part of the horseshoe that gets the most wear since the front of the hoof hits the ground first and hardest after reheating the bar he hammers it again this time with no cooldown for larger shoes to farriers take turns hammering so that it goes faster and they can shape the steel while it's still hot and pliable using a drafting compass the farrier gauges wear two grooves for nails we'll go Jiri heats the bar then holds a sharpen tool against it while another farrier drives it in with a hammer the nails won't protrude when they're embedded in the grooves these areas will also fill with dirt to give the horse traction the farriers around the sharp edges of the horseshoe so the animal won't cut itself when it's lying down they make the nail holes by first driving this tool into the grooves then they use another tool to perforate the steel hammering it into the shoe over an opening in the anvil that lets the tool pierce through the farrier then repeats these steps on the other side it takes two farriers about 15 minutes to make a pair of horseshoes the first farrier heats one shoe while the second hammers the other like the hooves the front and back shoes are differently shaped the front pair are rounder the back one's more oval because the horse's hind hooves have evolved to dig into the ground for traction the farriers also hammer part of both curves flattening the edges into raised sides called clips these help the shoe fit onto the hoof for larger workhorses like Clydesdales the farriers bend the ends downward to give the feet more traction it's not uncommon for a 900 kilogram horse to have to pull twice its weight now time for the fitting after heating the shoe but not as much this time the farrier uses it to melt the outer part of the wall this makes an imprint on the horseshoe that later helps them place it properly on the hoof horses first wear shoes at about 3 years old the age when they start working or competing with a farrier fine-tunes the fitting with a metal filing tool curving the edges further to make them even safer for the horse next he shines the steel with a metal brush the shine will quickly fade once the horse takes its first steps depending on the foot size the finished shoe can measure anywhere from 7 to 25 centimeters across now to attach the shoe the farrier first files the hook to remove any dust or sharp edges he slips on the shoe then gently hammers as many as three nails into each side the nails are about 5 centimeters long they're made of lead a metal that's easy to bend and that's what he'll do after hammering them through the wall he Clips off the ends and bends the rest in towards the wall then he uses other tools to gouge small crevices in which to bury the ends this makes it easy to straighten out the nails and yank off the shoe when it's time he also hammers the hoof against a template to stabilize the shoe next he files the hoof so that it meets the angle of the shoe and finally the horse is ready to stroke so whether you've got a pony or a stallion make sure the chute fits when it comes to horse footwear function not fashion dictates

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