Synthetic Turf and Children (health experts) (artificial soccer / football sports fields) sbr crumb

Synthetic Turf and Children (health experts) (artificial soccer / football sports fields) sbr crumb



synthetic turf playgrounds health experts are claiming they're making children sick it follows reports of high chemical levels in the sea is saying it's not so sure about the use of those recycled tires as a playground surface I wanted to remind you as a as a pediatrician as I do the most audience to remind you what's different about kids you know the mantra and pediatrics kids are not just little adults they're different and they really are and in terms of environmental exposure it's quite different and these are some of the most important factors that make it's different and the younger the kid I think the more these come into play so one is that they take in more of everything than adults so for instance infants breathe it about twice the rate as an adult so if you put an infant on a blanket on these fields and there's a concentration of some gas on the ground infants going to be exposed more relative to their size than the adult then there's this issue of unique windows of vulnerability and we've learned this over and over children's brains and nervous systems particularly are developing rapidly and there are unique windows where they are more susceptible to toxins and we've seen this repeatedly with exposure during pregnancy or exposure to very young kids we know the children are vulnerable to these chemicals they are more heavily exposed pound-for-pound they're biologically more vulnerable they don't have the ability to break the chemicals down and get rid of them they especially in early development especially in fetal life and in the first couple of years after birth there's a phenomenon that we pediatricians called windows of vulnerability times of exquisite sensitivity the child is exposed to a toxic chemical at those points sometimes and children have decades ahead of them they have a long time in which to develop disease that may be triggered by early exposures we did that with lead and poisoned thousands of children for nearly 75 years we have to think about how exposures now might cause disease it has very long latency when you think about kids and their exposure to toxins you think about how it would get into their bodies so the main routes have been breathing it in and that's why some people have studied the levels of things like volatile organic in the air contact so either through mucous membranes like this mouth and stuff our eyes or direct absorption through the skin and you younger the kid the greater the absorption and then ingestion if you put a toddler on these fields they naturally put things in their mouth so there is the potential for ingesting also heavy metals are a problem with the fields they don't break down ever things like lead when you get in your body it stays there forever mercury stays there forever the other metals that are there are never gonna break down and we know that a very at low levels that a heavy metal if it gets into the child's body will stay there it will be there for the child's entire life I mentioned the issue of acute exposure and irritation and respiratory irritation mucous membrane irritation but the sort of more significant is some of these are cancer-causing compounds and does chronic long-term exposure in kids who have those unique vulnerabilities put them at greater risk of cancer kids playing on them they they come up you know a lot of black on them which is the black carbon the material that's on the field because the infill is put on top of the of the field gets on children's shoes they track them into schools into cars all over the place the reason we're really concerned about the artificial turf both the plastic and the tire crumb is because we are exposing our children to a concentrated soup of all kinds of toxins set our skin and eye irritants they have toxins that are actually carcinogenic and they have toxins they have too much zinc it takes a lot of zinc lead copper chromium and poly aromatic hydrocarbons or organic compounds that have toxicities phthalates and phenols black carbon st. explore beans are all coming off been Josiah Sol's are coming out this crumb rubber contains lots of stuff some of which we don't know because the recipe that part of the recipe is proprietary to the companies that are making these materials for other purposes it is ground-up rubber tires with all its toxins and all its problems it's a hidden danger you can look at a tire boy that tire looks great it's fine you don't know what's going on inside it that's what makes it so dangerous I entires is an exercise in chemistry they made by heating a compound of ingredients carbon black sulfur and rubber plus some antioxidants activators and accelerators the stuff in our tires we call it rubber but it's really not real rubber comes from trees this stuff is a synthetic material made with petroleum so if you think about what makes up a tire it's actually made up of a lot of different things there's the rubber but there's also oils there are vulcanization agents sulfides and zinc oxides and then there are fillers materials like carbon black and silica and they're in there in varying degrees because each bag of infill is somewhat different and there's not a standardization and that's been shown pretty much by everybody who studied it that it varies a lot the rubber bits are full of metals of the ten that we found five are things which are already known to cause cancer children are exposed today to a whole series of chemicals that didn't even exist a generation or two ago we know that some of the plastics are endocrine disruptors and the current disruptors are things that interfere with the control processes in the body endocrine ins determine the age of puberty for example they also determine growth rates for the brain and various other pieces so anything that disrupts endocrine really disrupts the future of the entire child serious cancer risks and neuro toxicology risks and respiratory toxicity risks are present when you put it on a soccer field or an athletic field you know there's a lot of carbon black a lot of tires there's thousands of tires who went to make one of these fields this is the most concentrated exposure to carbon black and particularly just one component of these fields the carbon black in particular that your children will ever receive that anyone has ever received which have definitely been shown to have health effects the carbon nanotubes in terms of carcinogenicity and have been declared as carcinogens there's other issues of concern with black carbon again the neurodevelopmental one was the most interesting that was recently published from the group at Harvard the carbon black is a particular concern because it's at this very fine level so it can really get into the body and caused a lot of damage the research and tests show that as tires get older even if they've never been driven a mile they begin to dry out it's becoming less elastic even when the tire looks brand new its we're very concerned about the turf gassing off what's called poly aromatic hydrocarbons these are gaseous chemicals which are known to cause cancer they're gonna off gas very rapidly the best data on off gassing actually was done in in Norway where they can play inside and they found that if they turned the ventilation off that there was a whole variety of organic chemicals that came off most of them were toxic but you don't have to be on it you can be just sitting next to it so those people who are living next to these fields as they off-gas are being these gases are being swept into their houses and around their houses and we put them next to schools or swept into the schools the more people that ran on the field the more gases that came off of it so they got higher and higher as they had more and more people playing or running around on these fields so if we now have fields used from dawn to dusk the field is just constantly off gassing so the fields don't be less stable as they get older the fields absorb things that are present from the air so if there's a toxin present from the air they absorb and they concentrate it then when you play on the field you release it so the fields are active they act like anyway stuff in fact anything that gets on the field will be absorbed by it as these fields age they'll break down in addition to gas is coming off are fine particulates that you inhale and that turns out to be a really very dangerous health problem heat is a very concerning issue to me on these fields the rubber tires even if it's dyed they get extremely hot so they've been measured at 161 degrees when it's 90 degrees out that's very difficult for children cup of coffee 140 degrees hot I do that within 5 seconds if this is 140 degrees you can have a third-degree burn as a possibility so it's no joke pretty much anybody who's measured this has found this repeatedly whether it's a reporter who goes out and does it or whether it's the University of Missouri that goes out and finds the synthetic turf surface temperatures 173 degrees when it was 98 degrees on that day New York City found the same thing Connecticut found the same thing California EPA found the same thing clearly these fields get much hotter so there's issues of tolerating the heat and dehydration they actually have brief even a couple of publications about burns from them in athletes through there and a trainer actually through the shoes blistering burn and they went back out and did average temperatures on one day pretty high and they found that of course the average and the high on artificial turf was dramatically higher than on regular grass California was launching a major study of artificial athletic field well the worst case scenario for the release of gases from like an artificial turf field would probably be the hottest weather the deer says the state's budget crisis delayed his department's ability to hire contractors to perform the study before the very hot months had ended so is it possible that because those studies got delayed that they're not fully complete and you can't get a complete read at first vedere had to check with his department's press spokesperson before answering yeah I'd say I'm not sure what then he offered this but you're right of course will that unless we measure under these different they've done a very poor job of testing these chemicals to ascertain whether or not they're toxic and in the and then when it comes to the more specific question what do we know about the impact that these chemicals might have on early childhood development the answer is we have no information at all on about 80% of the chemicals which is to say that every day our children and that fetuses infants young children are exposed to a whole suite of chemicals are simply unknown toxicity which I consider to be an inherently risky business right now I don't know what's in this stuff underneath me but nor does the government and that's not good enough these materials it's important to know we're not made for this purpose they were not made to be used by children and there is nobody monitoring or regulating the effects on the suit of toxins on your children nobody there are no guidelines there's no there are no regulations the whole design is a recipe for disaster

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